11 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 93 (2021) Introduction In 2018, 128 people died every day from an opioid overdose, twenty-five percent of patients misused opioids prescribed for chronic pain, and approximately 1.7 million people developed a substance use disorder directly from prescription opioid use.[1]  The effects were so devastating that the opioid epidemic was […]

11 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 70 Alan J. Meese* I. Introduction        Horizontal restraints are unlawful per se unless a court can identify some redeeming virtue that such restraints may create.  In National Collegiate Athletic Association v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma (“NCAA”),[1] the Supreme Court rejected this standard, refusing to […]

Doron M. Kalir* 11 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 42 In the short time since its release, Bostock v. Clayton County[1] has well-earned its self-praise as “simple and momentous.”[2]  The opinion, which holds that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 applies to homosexuals and transgender persons in the workplace, instructs employers nationwide […]

11 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 21 (Opens PDF in New Tab) I.      Introduction President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law on June 10, 1963, remarking that such legislation constituted a “significant leap forward.”[1]  Advocates of the bill heralded the legislation as “a matter of simple justice” ensuring that “there is […]

11 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 1 (Opens PDF in new tab) Andrea A. Anderson* I.  Introduction Kenneth was a coal miner.[1]  One day, while cooling a welding area, a hose burst and severely injured his neck and face.[2]  Despite sustaining major injuries that would prevent him from working in the future, Kenneth had limited […]

10 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 149 (Opens PDF in new tab) Ilhyung Lee* The COVID-19 pandemic drastically affected the operations and daily routines of the university and college town that have been my home for the past twenty-two years.  In mid-March 2020, the University of Missouri (“MU”),[1] in Columbia, Missouri, suspended all in-person classes […]

10 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 124 Betsy J. Grey* I. Introduction Business owners and politicians have raised the specter of a flood of civil lawsuits arising out of the pandemic.[1]  Most of these suits will likely be commercial in nature, and very few personal injury lawsuits have been filed against businesses since the pandemic […]

10 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 107 James W. Sprague I. Introduction In the summer of 2002, a Union Pacific Railroad conductor, Arnulfo Flores, agreed to transport ten Mexican nationals across the Mexican-American border undetected.[1]  When the nationals arrived on the railroad’s property, Flores ushered them into a large metal railway car and sealed them […]

Since 1919, North Carolina had treated its sixteen- and seventeen-year-old offenders as adults. On December 1, 2019, after one-hundred years of this misguided system, North Carolina finally raised its age of juvenile jurisdiction to eighteen.

10 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 68 Jonathan Cantarero* I.   Introduction Liberation theology as a religious movement focuses on the socio-economic and political liberation of the oppressed through the disruption of governing structures.[1]  On a conceptual level, this movement has been extensively considered and examined by legal scholars and theologians.  On an empirical level, discussions […]

10 Wake Forest L. Rev. Online 55 Sara Kathryn Mayson* I.  Introduction It is no secret that many American farmers are in financial trouble, specifically small family farmers.  As a part of an effort to alleviate farmers in a struggling agriculture economy, Congress passed the Family Farmer Relief Act of 2019, an amendment to Chapter […]